With the #SaveSalina-Campaign we are pushing for salt production which is in harmony with wildlife.
The story of the Ulcinj Salina began in the 1920s. From 1935 to 2013, up to 400 employees were producing 40 000 tons of salt annually in the best years! The salt extraction process is quite fascinating. The salty seawater is channelled through large basins, part of the water evaporates, and the salt content in the remaining water increases. Finally, it is just the “white gold” which remains behind. But why are we committed to the preservation of the Ulcinj Salina? From all points of view, ecological, economic and cultural, the Salina is a real treasure and of international importance.
After privatisation in 2005 the Salina was gradually wound down economically and, in 2013, salt extraction was finally stopped. In The Story you can find out the whole story behind it.
The role of salt for mankind
There are two natural salts. One is rock salt, which is extracted from salt mines or salt brines, and the other is sea salt, which is extracted from the sea as in the Ulcinj Salina.
Salt has always been a component of the earth and plays an important role in the vital and economic development of mankind. In particular, the discovery that salt can prolong the durability of food was an important step. Nowadays, salt is also used for numerous purposes other than food processing. Some examples are: as road salt in winter, in the pharmaceutical industry and in cosmetic products. Salts such as gypsum and lime are also used in house building and painting.
Even the Celts (400-800 B.C.) used salt. They poured brine water onto the fire and then scraped the salt from the charred branches. With the Romans, salt was a valuable commodity and was often used as a means of payment. It is assumed that the English word “salary”, meaning wages, originates from the word „salarium“ of that time.
Sea salt contains iodine from marine algae as well as a high proportion of amino acids and natural minerals such as bromine and potassium and is therefore a healthy component of the human diet. It is also recommended for external use on the skin. The top layer of the salt deposits during extraction in sea water salinas is the noblest. It has a special and strong aroma and is called salt flower (Fleur du Sel.)